- Many seizures start alone and cause no serious problems.
- People can injure themselves during some seizures, develop other medical issues, or have a life-threatening emergency.
- For people with epilepsy, the overall risk of dying is 1.6 to 3 times higher than for those without epilepsy.
- Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in people with seizures is the most common cause of death. SUDEP is uncommon, but it’s a real risk people need to be aware of.
Many people don’t understand the seriousness of seizures. Many people think seizures are never (not true) a problem, while others think seizures are always (also not true) harmful. The truth lies in between somewhere.
It can be dangerous to have seizures. They can cause problems such as fractures, brain damage, accidents that endanger health, and even death.
It’s a scary topic but it’s important to get the details so you know what questions you need to ask your doctor and health care team. We will help you understand the risks and learn how to stay safe. Maxgalin Capsule is an anti-epileptic medicine used for the treatment of certain types of seizures. It is also used to relieve pain associated with nerve damage caused by conditions such as diabetes, certain viral diseases, and fibromyalgia. You can get more maxgalin information at our online pharmacy.
What kind of injuries may result in seizures?
This depends on the type of seizure, the duration of the seizure, where you are when the seizure occurs, and whether the seizure becomes a life-threatening emergency. Most forms of seizures rarely result in injury. For example, seizures that do not affect the consciousness or motion of a person are unlikely to cause serious injuries. Seizures with loss of consciousness, change in awareness or falls are more likely to cause injuries.
Other common injuries that may occur during a seizure include bruises, cuts, and burns. Patients may also get injured during a seizure when they fall. Some forms of seizures can cause more serious problems — such as broken bones, concussions, head injuries with bleeding into the brain, or issues with breathing.
Will a person with epilepsy die earlier than a person without epilepsy?
For a person with epilepsy, the overall risk of dying is 1.6 to 3 times greater than for a person without epilepsy. Children’s risk may be slightly higher as most children without epilepsy are at very low risk of dying.
- The risk of a person dying depends on how often seizures are made and how severe the seizures are.
- Many disorders that cause seizures may also increase a person’s risk of dying, such as a stroke or a brain tumor. Persons with these problems can die earlier because of the seizures, not because of the seizures themselves.
What are seizure emergencies?
A seizure can sometimes become a life-threatening situation or a medical emergency. This is also classified as an “emergency seizure.”
A seizure that is convulsive is a medical emergency if it lasts five minutes or longer. This is called “tonic-clonic epileptic status.” If the seizure can not be prevented or repeated seizures occur one after the other, the person may die or suffer permanent injury. If you’ve had long and repeated seizures before, explore whether a resuce medication can be used to avoid epileptic status with your care team.
People with epilepsy may also die during or after a seizure from inhaling (breathing in) vomiting or other fluids. Therefore, turning the person on one side as soon as possible when a seizure starts is necessary. It makes it possible to wash saliva, vomit and other fluids out of the mouth and not into the lungs.
Other types of accidents that may occur during a seizure include drowning or an accident. Persons who are not immune from seizures need to take action to prevent injuries during a seizure:
- Take a shower instead of a bath. You can die from drowning if you have a seizure while taking a bath. With just a few inches of water, drowning can occur in a bath.
- Talk to your doctor if driving is safe for you. You may also have laws in your state or province as to whether driving is safe for you.
- Be vigilant on platforms of train or subway and walking near busy streets.
It is important to remember, despite the risks, that people rarely die from seizures. You should be able to live an active and safe life with some preparation.
What is sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP)?
SUDEP in people with epilepsy is the most common cause of death. SUDEP occurs when a person with epilepsy dies unexpectedly in their normal state of health. Death is not due to an incident, and no other cause of death will be identified by an autopsy.
Here are some facts about SUDEP:
- It’s unusual, but there’s a real danger people have to be aware of. This happens every year in around 1 in 1,000 people with epilepsy.
- It happens more often in people with compromised epilepsy control. Each year, one of 150 people with uncontrolled seizures die from SUDEP.
The person is often found dead in bed when SUDEP occurs, and it may not appear like they’ve had a convulsive seizure. They are frequently found face down lying. However, there is evidence about a third of the time that the person had a seizure near their death.
Nobody knows what causes SUDEP. Many researchers believe that SUDEP occurs when a seizure in the brain or body triggers an irregular heart rhythm, breathing problems, or other symptoms.
There’s help on the way. The SUDEP Institute has been established by the Epilepsy Foundation. The Institute works to:
- Spread the word about sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
- Help people learn how to lower their risk of SUDEP
- Get help to people who have lost a loved one to SUDEP
- Speed up research on what causes SUDEP and how we can prevent it
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